When the Sarcocaulon mossamedense plant dies and decomposes, it leaves behind the outside waxy layer. This waxy shell lies on the desert sands and hardens and darkens in colour with exposure to the high temperatures and dry conditions. It is this waxy shell that is collected and no living material is damaged. This wax contains interesting and unique fragrances that can be used in a variety of applications.
Resource inventories have been undertaken and the annual sustainable yield determined.